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International Journal of Advanced Research and Review (IJARR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific ONLINE Journal dedicated for rapid publication (monthly) of high quality original research articles, case reports as well as review articles in all subjects. IJARR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content.

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Latest Issue, May 2021

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Abstract:

Kitchen and cooking product design in Turkey, it is seen that a rising momentum gained in the last ten years of production and export field. Especially design studies in this field create a high added value in the sector with the effect of innovation, originality, creative solutions. The concept of "new design" comes to the fore in all stages from the design process to the production process. It can be evaluated that the new design has progressed in several stages in the sector. The necessity of parallel execution of two design phases, namely the pot forming the main body of the specified product and the handle components forming the product-user interface, arises. At this point, it is important that the productions of both design focus areas, which are designed with the aim of minimizing both economic and production problems, can be combined with different products. As a result, the result of the formation of more than one parameter arises in the consideration of the design focus in terms of "new design".
This article gives industry manufacturing services market in Turkey ―Armada Metal Inc.’’ taken out of the production process carried out with metal pots and handle design firm "Globe" has pots and "Chips" has focuses on the handle products. How the "new design" motivation is revealed in the design processes of the relevant product designs is discussed in the production process.


Abstract:

The study sought to examine the effect of project stakeholder management on the performance of road construction projects in Mombasa County, Kenya. Specifically, the study sought to establish the effect of project stakeholder identification, project stakeholder mapping, project stakeholder analysis and project stakeholder risk management on the performance of road construction projects in Mombasa County, Kenya. The study adopted a census design with a target population of 188 that is project managers, engineers, supervisors, inspectors, surveyors and contractors from KeNHA. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS version 25 where relationships between the variables were assessed using correlation and regression analysis. Test of the hypothesis was done at 95% confidence interval. The study found out that there was a positive and significant relationship between project stakeholder identification and performance of road construction projects in Mombasa County Kenya, there was a positive and significant relationship between project stakeholder mapping and performance of road construction projects in Mombasa County Kenya, further, the results revealed that there was a positive and significant relationship between project stakeholder analysis and performance of road construction projects in Mombasa County Kenya. Lastly, there was a positive and significant relationship between project stakeholder risk management and performance of road construction projects in Mombasa County Kenya. Based on the findings, the study concluded that project stakeholder identification, project stakeholder mapping, project stakeholder analysis and stakeholder risk management have a positive and significant effect on the performance of road construction projects in Mombasa County, Kenya. The study recommends that KeNHA should embrace project stakeholder identification practice in all their road construction projects to establish how various stakeholders will influence the project, project stakeholder analysis should properly be conducted to ensure adequate consultation and communication with the stakeholders, policymakers to develop stakeholder management policies which will guide road contractors in road project activities, road construction agencies should consider project stakeholder mapping to ensure stakeholders values are considered and that the degree of enforcement of the values and interests are controlled and lastly, there should be a training of project personnel on sustainable stakeholder risk management strategies with a bigger emphasis on the continuous resource risks monitoring for cost revisions to reduce cost overruns.


3.GENDER BASED ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL AND ANTHROPOMETRIC VARIABLES WITH NAFLD –A CASE CONTROL STUDY

Swapna Chaturvedi*, Neena Bhatia, Naval Kishore Vikram, Kumble S Madhusudhan, Dr.Ravindra Mohan Pandey

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NEW DELHI

Abstract:

Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as an epidemic due to increasing prevalence of obesity and metabolic disease. Objectives: The study was undertaken to analyze the gender wise anthropometric and clinical characteristics in NAFLD cases and healthy controls and their association with NAFLD. Materials and Methods: A total of 160 Cases and 160 Controls with equal number of males and females in each group (n=80) were included. The subjects fulfilled the inclusion criteria for either or cases or controls. Socio demographic information, anthropometric measurements for BMI, WC, WHR WHtR, central (subscapular and suprailiac) and peripheral skin folds (biceps and triceps), percent body fat and clinical parameters (blood pressure)were recorded. Results: Males and females with NAFLD had significantly higher central obesity, body circumferences, central and peripheral skin folds, body fat, percent body fat, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and pulse   in both genders with NAFLD compared to the control group. Central obesity (WC, WHR and WHtR) were positively associated with NAFLD in both the genders, the magnitude of risk was however higher in males versus females.  On regression analysis, waist circumference showed a positive and significant association with NAFLD after adjustment with co-variables. The risk of NAFLD increased by 8 times when the WC was >80 cm for females/90 cm for males (p<0.001). Conclusion: Anthropometric and clinical characteristics were significantly higher in both genders of NAFLD cases versus controls. Central obesity showed a significant association with NAFLD. Waist circumference was identified as a predictor of NAFLD.


Abstract:

The present study titled “A Study on Self-esteem of students of Standard Nine of Dakshina Kannada District” is a survey study. In this study an effort was made to study the Self-esteem of students standard Nine of Dakshina Kannada District in terms of the sex of Students, location of the school and types of Management.
Self-esteem has become a household word. Teachers, parents, therapists and others have focused efforts on boosting self-esteem, on the assumption that high self-esteem will cause many positive outcomes and benefit. Self-esteem refers to an individual’s sense of his or her value or worth, or the extent to which a person values, approves or, appreciates, prizes, or likes him or herself. It is a personal judgement one’s worthiness as a person, indicating to the extent to which he or she believes himself or herself to be capable, important to others and successful. Self-esteem affects our daily life and is reflected in our interaction with people, the way we establish and sustain our relationships with others – parents, teachers, peers or colleagues or superiors and our ability to cope with a specific situation, accomplish a particular task assigned to us, or take on demanding challenges.
The first objective of the study was to find the status of Self-esteem of students of standard Nine of Dakshina Kannada District. The analysis and interpretation of the objective has been done using the Descriptive Statistics. The second, third and fourth objectives of the study were to find whether there is any significant difference in the Self-esteem of standard Nine of Dakshina Kannada District in relation to a) sex b) location of the school c) types of management. It includes Mean, Standard Deviation. The study revealed that the levels of self-esteem of the professional students are high at average level. There is a slight difference in the means scores on self-esteem and it is seen in favour of boys, rural and private students.


5.MORPHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES IN CERTAIN MULBERRYCULTIVARS INDUCED WATER STRESS

N. Obulapathi, T. Jhanshi Rani, N. Anandarajulu, S. Thimma Naik*

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ANDHRA PRADESH

Abstract:

Photosynthesis is important in metabolic pathways and is influenced by environmental stress. Drought stress is one of the environmental factors that alter several regulatory mechanisms, resulting in yield loss in crop plants. Using the foregoing background information, four Mulberry (Morus alba L.) genotypes were chosen, namely MY-01, BP-01, PP-01, and G4and experiments were carried out in potted plants under natural photoperiod conditions under normal and water stress conditions. Morphological and  Physiological parameters such as plant height, no of leaves, no of branches, leaf area, leaf yield and  photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration rates, relative water content, and plant growth and yield parameters were measured in control and drought induced plants during the experiment. Water stress conditions significantly influenced the altering of all photosynthetic, plant growth, and yield parameters in water stressed conditions compared to watered conditions, according to the results, all of the varieties in the order had significantly lower photosynthetic rates. The most important crop in the sericulture industry is mulberry (Morus alba L.).In this study, we show that water scarcity characteristics can be finely controlled by leaf gas exchange characteristics in 1-year-old field-grown mulberry genotypes (Selection-MY-01, BP-01, PP-01, and G4) subjected to water stress by withholding water for 10 days. Significant differences in net photosynthetic rates (Pn), stomatal conductance and transpiration rate, and intercellular CO2 have been observed among four mulberry genotypes. Among the four genotypes, G4 significantly higher rates in Morphological-physiological characters of both water treatments(control and during drought stress (DS).


Abstract:

The objective of the research was the determination of the effect corporate governance has on the performance of State Corporation in Kenya’s marine sector in Mombasa County, specifically a study of Kenya Ferry Services Limited. The specific objectives of the research were; to determine board characteristics’ effect on Kenya Ferry Services Ltd performance in Mombasa County, explore corporate board composition’s effect on Kenya Ferry Services Ltd performance in Mombasa County, identify the audit committee of the board’s effect on Kenya Ferry Services Limited performance in Mombasa County and assess corporate board size effect on Kenya Ferry Services Ltd performance in Mombasa County. As regards the theoretical frame work, the study consisted of agency theory, resource dependency theory and stakeholder’s theory. This research adopted a cross-sectional survey design, which was aimed at collecting large numbers of quantitative data geared towards addressing the formulated hypotheses. Stratified random sampling technique was used to come up with the sample size of 171 from300 respondents in Kenya Ferry Services Limited. Primary data was collected via self-administered structured questionnaires that were distributed through the drop and collect method. Cross validation of the primary data results was done through the collected secondary data. The analysis of data collected was done quantitatively. Both analysis of descriptive and inferential statistics was conducted by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 24, specifically the multiple regression model for hypotheses testing. The mean Standard Deviation, Percentages and Co-efficient of variations used to describe the set of data and the presentation was by way of tables, charts and graphs. The study revealed that board characteristics had no significant effect on corporate performance of Kenya Ferry Services in Mombasa County. Corporate board composition had a statistically significant effect on corporate performance of Kenya Ferry Services in Mombasa County. Board audit committee had a statistically significant effect on corporate performance of Kenya Ferry Services in Mombasa County. Corporate board size had no significant effect on corporate performance of Kenya Ferry Services in Mombasa County. The study recommended that government of Kenya under relevant authorities should formulate policies or enforce existing policy to make sure that all the state corporations have boards that are very transparent in all their undertaking and operations to ensure high performance. The State Corporation should ensure that they have policies in place to ensure formulation of balanced boards in terms of both executive and non-executive directors.