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CALL FOR PAPERS     SUBMISSION LAST DATE      28th December, 2021 FOR JANUARY ISSUE     

January,2021 Issue

Abstract:

Sariska tiger reserve is the famous tiger reserve in India. It is situated in Alwar district of Rajasthan state. It is endowed with unique flora and fauna. This tiger reserve surrounded by the oldest mountain ranges of Aravalli. The forest of type sariska tiger reserve is tropical dry deciduous, and dominant plant species are Anogeissus pendula, Boswellia serrata, Acacia catechu, Dendrocalamus strictus, Butea monosperma, Capparis deciduas, Ziziphus maturittiana etc. This region is come under the semi-humid climate zone with an average rainfall of 40 to 60mm. which directly influence the floral composition of that area. This present study mainly focuses on species diversity of butterflies and the effect of abiotic factors on diversity compositions in different seasons.  The Seasonal survey of study site was done from June 2016 to July 2018. Seventeen hundred eighty four samples surveyed during sampling, which belongs to 38 species 26 genera and 5 families. Pieridae is the dominant family followed by Nymphalidae and Lycaenidae respectively, the least dominant family is Papilionidae and Hesperidae. During the field observation five transect were surveyed in different seasons. Diversity indices value shows that Sariska tiger reserve is rich in diversity. Abiotic factors viz. temperature, rainfall and humidity and species diversity correlation show a positive correlation with temperature and negative correlation with rainfall and humidity.


2.KNOWLEDGE REGARDING MENSTRUAL HYGIENE AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS

Parminder kaur, Rajinder kaur, Babbaljeet  kaur, Beant Kaur, Dipali, Gaganpreet kaur, Harpreet kaur, Jashandeep kaur, Jasmine kaur, Jaspreet kaur, Navdeep Kaur

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PUNJAB

Abstract:

Background: Menstruation is generally considered as unclean in the Indian society. Isolating menstruating girls and restrictions being imposed on them in the family have reinforced a negative attitude towards this phenomenon. There is a substantial lacuna in the knowledge about menstruation among adolescent girls.
Objectives: to assess the level of knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls.
Methodology: A descriptive research design was used to assess the knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls of selected school of Distt Sri Muktsar sahib. A total of 100 adolescent girls were taken from the selected school i.e Govt Sen. Sec. School Lambi by using convenience technique. Structured Questionnaire was used to assess their knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene.
Results: it was found that 49% adolescent girls were in the age group of 15-16 years, in which 331% were in the 10th class, 77% adolescent girls were having the age of menarche at 13-14 years, 98% adolescent girls belonging to rural area, 66% adolescent girls belonging to sikh religion, 68% adolescent girls mothers were having primary education, 97% adolescent girls mothers were house wife and 81% adolescent girls were getting information from family members. In knowledge 1% adolescent girls had poor knowledge, 92% had average knowledge and only 7% adolescent girls had good knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene. The relationship of knowledge with selected socio-demographic variables were found to be statistically non significant.
Conclusion: it was found that 1% adolescent girls had poor knowledge, 92% adolescent girls had average knowledge and 7% adolescent girls had good knowledge regarding menstrual hygiene.


Abstract:

Fall armyworm (FAW) Spodoptera frugiperda is an alien invasive pest which has been highly adapted to the climatic conditions of Sri Lanka in recent times. The fall armyworm caused a severe loss of maize production since its introduction in late 2018. The pest infected approximately 50% of the maize cultivation and caused 20% of total damage by its fast migration as well as breeding abilities. It is hard to control the fall armyworm because of these special characteristics. However, there are several methods used in other countries to keep the population and infestation under control. Hence, integrated pest management strategies are believed to be an effective strategy to control the FAW. Therefore, this review discusses the infestation and control of FAW, which could be important to improve the control in Sri Lanka.


Abstract:

Eliminating local and global poverty is a presenting challenge and a task that must be accomplished in setting out for the achievement of sustainable development per the 17 Goals of the UN, with adequate health provisions and sustainable environment. As people tend to live longer, there are dwindling and limited resources for the world's growing population, with tendency towards abject poverty among vulnerable populations. The economies of the tropical and sub-tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Latin America have consequentially been made to run the gauntlet in the exacerbated poverty, declining health and environmental prospects in the COVID-19 pandemic era.


Abstract:

Democracy is associated with ancient and modern modes of state construction. If we compare Eastern and Western democracies, unlike its Western democracies, the change of the world, of social life, begins first in man, in his spiritual world. This article provides a scientific analysis of the specifics of Eastern democracy in the development of man, his spiritual world and the building of a democratic society.


6.PROBLEM SOLVING AND THE HEADACHE OF COPING WITH CONTINUING CHANGE

Victoria Tumaini, Evelyn Datche, Lucy Gichinga, Karim Omido

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KENYA

Abstract:

As the complexity and spread of vertical and horizontal flux change has increased in recent times owing to internal and external exigencies, it has become apparent that just leading change initiatives without bonding and problem solving skills is not nearly sufficient to effect satisfactory change.The pressure emanating to transform can be seen across a wide spectrum of players endeavouring to problem solve so as tocope with change. Coping with change has become a constant challenge for contemporary leaders, communities, governments and corporations. This paper discusses problem-solving skills as a key requirement to enable change management. Problem solving skills are skills possessing the ability to solve problems in an effective and timely manner devoid ofimpediments or be-as-it-may; with minimal acceptable impediments. It involves being able to identify and define the problem, generate alternative solutions, evaluate and select the best alternative, and implement the best optedsolution. How to manage this process in the face of nagging pressure for continuous change to keep up with competition and market demands is the headache that the paper delves into; the elephant in the room.