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March,2016 Issue

1.THE STUDY OF OXYGENATION AND ASSOCIATED MORTALITY IN SURGICAL ICU PATIENTS

Mahatab Singh*, S. S. Rathore, Prameshwar, Jagdish, Sanjay, Vikash Rajpurohit Ankur, Priyanka Rathore

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Jodhpur, RAJASTHAN

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to investigate association of mortality with the hypoxemia and hyperoxaemia in surgical patients. The study was a prospective, observational study, conducted on the 167 patients admitted in Surgical ICU over a period of eighteen months (January 2014 - June 2015) in Department of Surgery, Mathura Das Mathur Hospital attached to Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur. PaO2 values were analysed at admission, at 24 hours, at 48 hours, at 72 hours, at the time of shifting to ward in survivors and before death in nonsurvivors. At admission, PaO2 was normal (80 – 100 mm of Hg) in 19.2% patients, hypoxemia (PaO2<80 mm of Hg) was seen in 63.5% patients and hyperoxaemia (PaO2 >100 mm of Hg) in 17.3% patients. During ICU stay, > 50% patients were hyperoxygenated. In expired patients, before death, hypoxemia was seen in 54.8% patients and hyperoxaemia in 35.5%. Focusing on PaO2, in surgical ICU, mortality was shown to be had a U-shaped relationship with PaO2. Both hypoxemia and hyperoxaemia are independently associated with high mortality in surgical ICU patients. Further studies are needed to find if this association is causal or merely a reflection of differences in severity of illness.


Abstract:

Recent innovations in the region of nanofabrication have created a distinctive prospect for manufacturing structures in the nm range. The available span can be used to fabricate novel electronic, optical, magnetic, mechanical, and chemical/biological devices with applications ranging from sensors to computation and control. In this paper, introduction to major nanofabrication techniques currently used to fabricate structures from the nm to several hundred nm range will be discussed specially for Cantilever fabrication. The main focus will be on the most important and widely used techniques and will not discuss specialized methods. Microelectronic devices and information technologies have improved and will continue to improve as a result of large-scale, commercial implementation of nanofabrication. The motivation for these improvements is to increase the density of components, lower their cost, and increase their performance per device and per integrated circuit.


Abstract:

Solar cells are used to convert light energy into electrical energy directly with an appeal that it does not generate any harmful bi-products, like greenhouse gasses. All commercial solar cells use the same basic construction of using a semiconductor material to conduct electricity under certain conditions. So from the very beginning of the solar cell invention and its route towards the modernization, efficiency, durability and most importantly prices are always the prime research issues. The manufacturing of solar cells is actually based on the types of semiconducting or non-semiconducting materials used and commercial maturity. In this paper, different generation of solar cells technologies are elaborately discussed with a view to have some comprehensive ideas about different kinds of semiconductor materials used, advantages and disadvantages of different generations of cells in terms of efficiency, lifetime and costs. This paper has also highlighted the potential research areas of different generation of Solar Cells which are yet to be explored more.


4.PROBLEMS OF SELF HELP GROUPS: A MICRO STUDY

KAILASH CHANDRA MISHRA

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Odisha, INDIA

Abstract:

Self Help Groups are instrumental for rural development but are facing numerous problems. These problems include marketing, finance, quality product, infrastructure and facilitator’s support. Hence certain suggestions like provision of adequate and timely finance, sufficient infrastructure, capacity building and skill up-gradation, creation of adequate marketing facilities, effective supervision and monitoring of investment activities, strong political will and inspection of the end use of the loan are prescribed to sort out the above mentioned problems such that SHG beneficiaries will flourish which will lead to rural development in the study area.


5.COMPARATIVE STUDY OF VARIOUS CRYPTOGRAPHY TECHNIQUES

Pravin Wararkar and Ankit Dixit

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Shirpur, INDIA

Abstract:

Cryptography the effective and secure protections of sensitive information are primary concerns in commercial, medical and military systems. To address the reliability problems for secret images, a visual cryptography scheme   is a good alternative to remedy the vulnerabilities. Visual cryptography is a very secure and unique way to protect secrets. To maintain the secrecy and confidentiality of images two different approaches are being followed, Image Encryption and Visual Cryptography. The former being encrypting the images through encryption algorithms using keys, and the later approach involves dividing the image into random shares without the use of keys. Unfortunately heavy computation cost and key management limit the employment of the first approach and the poor quality of the recovered image from the random shares limit the applications of the second approach.


Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted at the Crop Farm of Eastern University, Sri Lanka to investigate the effect of plant spacing and levels of nitrogen on yield of onion (cv. Vethalan) in the sandy regosols in the Batticaloa District. Three plant spacing viz; 8 cm x 8 cm, 10 cm x 10 cm and 10 cm x 12 cm and three levels of nitrogen namely 120, 150 and180 kg N/ha were used. This experiment was carried out using a 3 x 2 Factorial Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated three times. All other agronomic practices were done as recommended by the Department of Agriculture. The data on height, bulb diameter, fresh weight and number of bulbs were recorded. Significant variations were recorded for spacing and levels of nitrogen for all the parameters studied. Highest bulb yield was obtained at the spacing of 8 x 8 cm in combination with 150 kg N/ha and 150 kg N/ha was found to be the optimum nitrogen for all three spacing tested. Therefore, it is concluded that profitable yield could be obtained at a spacing of 8 x 8 cm in combination with 150 kg N/ ha.


7.METABOLIC SYNDROMES AND PERIODONTAL DISEASE

Dhalkari Chandulal and Wagatkar Jayshri

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Aurangabad, INDIA

Abstract:

Hardly a day goes by in the world of dentistry without some mention of oral systemic relationship. Many studies have been done to find the impact of systemic diseases on oral health and found that there is an association between Diabetes, Obesity and Periodontal disease. Furthermore systemic disorders have been found to have a direct effect on periodontal tissues and these represent the periodontal manifestations of systemic disease. Metabolic syndrome is a group of inter-related metabolic abnormalities which increases the risk of cardio vascular morbidity and mortality. So it is important for a dentist to be updated on oral systemic relationship to implement appropriate plans for its prevention and treatment. In this article definition, pathogenesis, about the components of metabolic syndrome and its association with periodontal disease has been reviewed. 


8.Performance Evaluation of Kosamba Branch Canal of U.R.B.M.C., Ukai Reservoir Project, Gujarat

Jaimin Rakholiya, Falguni Parekh and T.M.V. Suryanarayana

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Baroda, INDIA

Abstract:

Performance evaluation is a continuous process that involves internal assessment of the organization, comparing it with the best practices of more successful similar businesses in the market, determining performance gap between current practice and best practice, and selecting best practices, tailoring them to fit the organization and implementing them. Irrigation and drainage are inputs to agriculture and Irrigated agriculture contributes about 40 percent of the global food production and about two third of this food production comes mainly from formal irrigation schemes. For Performance evaluation of Irrigation Project, Kosamba branch canal (Length = 38.0 km) of Ukai Reservoir Project is selected. To evaluate the performance of kosamba branch canal different performance indicators such as Output per unit command area, Output per unit cropped area, Output per unit irrigation supply, Output per water consumed, Relative water supply, Relative irrigation supply, and Water delivery capacity have been analysed as per recommendations of Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations (FAO) given by World Bank (WB). According to analysis, Output per unit command area and output per unit cropped area were not found up to mark from the year 2006-07 to 2010-11 and in year 2011-12, both resulted values lie between the standard value range given by FAO. The output per unit irrigation supply is low compared to standard value range (1.92 to 30.24 Rs per cu.m) given by FAO. In the year 2009-10 only from 2006-07 to 2011-12, relative water supply lies between the standard value range (0.8 to 4) given by FAO. Only from 2006-07 to 2011-12, relative irrigation supply lies between the standard value range (0.41 to 4.81) given by FAO. The value of water delivery capacity of the year from 2006-07 to 2008-09 does not lies between the standard value range given by FAO.


Abstract:

War forms social and economic progression by destroying the existing ideologies of the society. It always reshapes the social infra-structure. The amalgamation of the ambition and realization leads the civilization to its extreme frustration to fulfill the dream of the capitalists. Therefore, social representation paves the way to its understanding of the humane mannerisms in the context of economic progression. A death is not a periphery, more than that to point out the social follies and mal-practices of the capital society where human life is very less emphasized than profit. The philosophy of existential crisis becomes acute when the society searches for the meaning of life. Perhaps, ‘American dream’ made life much more critical and mechanical what was experienced by Arthur Miller and spread throughout the globe and caused not only the dreah of representative but the death of a dream. It has often been said that Death of a Salesman is a harsh criticism of the American Dream.


Abstract:

Sandalwood is a commercially important plant species belonging to the family Santalaceae and the genus Santalum. Sandalwood oil extracted from the heartwood has been used for medicinal, cultural and other purposes. The objective of this study was to find out the in vitro regenerative responses of sandalwood leaf explants using different combinations of plant growth regulators such as BAP and 2, 4 D. Half immature leaf explants were excised vertically with midrib from newly formed shoots of two years old seedlings. They were then subjected to sterilize by using 70% ethanol for 30 sec and immersed in 25% CloroxTM (Sodium hypochlorite, 5.25% active ingredient) with two drops of tween 20 for 20 min. Sterilized explants cultured on MS medium supplemented with different  concentrations of (0.5–1.0 mg/l)  BAP and 2,4 D  and kept in culture environment. The half immature leaf explants showed remarkablely higher (73.3%) callus formation within four weeks of culture on MS medium containing 1.0 mg/l 2, 4 D and after that there was no considerable proliferation in callus. Subcultured callus on MS medium supplemented with 1.0 mg/l BAP showed better callus proliferation. One fourth of half leaf explant produced 73.6 ± 1.73 mg of callus mass and the colour was changed from greenish yellow to light yellow at four weeks after subculture. Leaf explants were cultured on 1.0 mg/l BAP exhibited yellowish white calli. Leaf explants near the margin produced more callus compared with explants from the rest of the leaf lamina. Leaf lamina proximal to the leaf base region responded well rather than distal area. The cells on both the sides of the midrib were observed to be small in size and the cells towards middle of the leaf and towards the margin were found to be larger.  It can be concluded that MS medium containing 1.0 mg/l BAP was more suitable to produce embryogenic callus from immature leaf explants of sandalwood.


Abstract:

Relational database model is the most common database model in current information systems to keep the transaction data. The basis of the relational database design process is Functional Dependencies (FDs). Moreover, FDs in the existing database can be used to discover new knowledge and to do data mining; therefore various researches have been carried out to develop algorithms to discover the hidden FDs in the existing data sets. These findings help to database designers too in various ways: to database design verifications, to database management, to reverse engineering, and to query optimization. We could find four popular functional dependencies in the literature. They are TANE, FD_Mine, FastFD, and Dep_Miner. The literature says that the performance of FastFD is better for large number of attributes with lesser number of records, while the performance of the FD_Mine is better for large number of records with lesser number of attributes. We could find an improvement for FD_Mine algorithm, but nothing for FastFD. We suggested an approach to increase the performance of FastFD algorithm using equivalence attributes.  The paper concluded that the equivalence sets helps to reduce the time complexity of the FastFD algorithm some extend, by reducing the number of records to be checked.


12.DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTOMATIC COLOR SHADING MACHINE

Pravin Wararkar, Dhananjay Joshi, Shyam Patidar and Gajanan Jadhav

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Shirpur, INDIA

Abstract:

This paper investigates for shading of colors. In paint shop, we desire that we can choose a color shade of our choice so this technique is used for generating color shade with the help of microcontroller. This concept of color shading is available in market but they are made by mechanical machine. This research work uses electronics components and microcontroller at present, there are automatic colour shades available in market but they are not prepared with the help of electronics system using microcontroller. The present system preparing colour shades can be further modified by the use of microntroller. So it can be easily use for domestic purpose it can be used highly in color shops and we can also increase the number of color.


13.RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF ANATOMIC VARIATIONS OF IMPACTED MANDIBULAR THIRD MOLAR IN WESTERN RAJASTHAN POPULATION

Bichhwaliya k. Ankur* , Kataria K.Sushma, Raichandani Leena, Agarwal Ritu, kataria kushal

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Jodhpur, RAJASTHAN

Abstract:

Introduction-The aim of this study is to evaluate the morphology of the impacted mandibular third molar based on the winter’s classification in western Rajasthan population in. The data including age, sex, morphology of mandibular third molar according to winter
Material and methods- In this study up to 200 orthopantomogram(OPG) or intra oral periapical radiograph (IOPA)were taken which show only impacted mandibular third molar.
Result-. In this study out of 200 radiographs, the mesioangular impaction 106(53%), distoangular 20 (10%), vertical 42 (21%), Horizontal 20 (10%), other 12 (6%) 
Conclusion-Data analysis shows that the most common impaction is mesio-angular. This morphological evaluation is important for the surgical removal of mandibular third molar.


Abstract:

Athletic sports comprise various competitive athletic contests based on running, jumping, and throwing. Each sport requires specific physique or morphological features which plays a major, arguably critical role in competition success. Present Study was conducted on 60 Atheletes by taking their skinfold measurement (Triceps, Chest, Abdoman & Calf), biceps & calf girth. Throwers shown highly significant value in most of the parameters except calf girth. The Jumpers have greater calf girths than the throwers. The study may helpful to find out relationship between body structure and performance level.


Abstract:

A study was carried out to assess the availability and accessibility of drinking water among the resettled population in the Eravur Pattu Divisional Secretariat area of Batticaloa district. A cross sectional study was carried out with a random sample of 1290 households in the nine (09) villages of Eravur Pattu DS division of Batticaloa district.  The data collection was through the use of a structured questionnaire, which was pre-tested before used for the household survey. Secondary data necessary for the study were obtained from the relevant sources. Data collected were analyzed by using SPSS 16.0. The findings revealed that majority (76%) of the dwellings had access to public water sources and have to travel more than 100 m to fetch the drinking water. Analysis based on the standard water source distance (250 m) indicated that 72.9% of the households had water source distance lesser than 250 m and rest of the households have to travel more than 250 m to get their drinking water. Chi-square analysis indicated that ownership of the water source was significantly influenced by the family income. Also, significant difference was observed between household income and water source distance. These information need to be considered by the Government of Sri Lanka and other Non Governmental Organizations to plan long-term water aid programs for returnees.


Abstract:

The demand for cotton Industry in today’s world has widely been increased due to its inheritable advantages like reduce installation cost , minimum  space consumption, easy extension, aesthetic benefits, and its increased productivity options. So, Cotton Industry plays vital role in Textile hub. People differ in their abilities and attitudes. There is always some difference between quality and quantity of the same work on the same job being done by different people. Performance Appraisal of Employees is necessary to understand each employee’s abilities, competencies and relative merit and worth for the organization. Performance Appraisal of Employees rates the employees in terms of their performance. Performance appraisals are widely used in the society. The history of performance appraisal can be dated back to the 20th century and then to the second world war when the merit rating was used for the first time. An employer evaluating their employees is a very old concept. Performance appraisals are an indispensable part of performance measurement. This paper explores a a study of performance appraisal practiced at cotton Industry “Vidarbha Vinkar Shetkari Sahakari Sut Girni Ltd.