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June,2016 Issue

Abstract:

Women with pre-existing, or chronic, high blood pressure are more likely to have certain complications during pregnancy than those with normal blood pressure. However, some women develop high blood pressure while they are pregnant (often called gestational hypertension).  Effects of high blood pressure range from mild to severe. High blood pressure can harm the mother's kidneys and other organs, and it can cause low birth weight and early delivery. In the most serious cases, the mother develops preeclampsia - or "toxemia of pregnancy" which can threaten the lives of both the mother and the fetus. The aim of this study was to showing the effects of maternal PIH on anthropometric measurements of newborn.


Abstract:

This study examines some of the most characteristic forms of the newly-established customs, which relate to urban parishes’ religious festivals and excursions. Over and above their cultural aspects, the identification and study of these customs presents pastoral dimensions, as they constitute characteristic cases of observances and rituals that priests are confronted with on a daily basis and to which, on occasion, they contribute decisively in terms of their formation and establishment. Because of this, their study presents a broader social and cultural interest, as they constitute contemporary expressions of existing human feelings and aspirations, but enriched with forms of modernist daily life.


Abstract:

An optimum value of rotavator kinematic parameter λat which the rotavator rotor radius should be operated. This concept was used in designing the basic components of a rotavator relative to a most widely used power tiller KH-75. Accordingly the λ was found to be 2.28 at a forward speed of 0.6 m/s. The corresponding values of u, ω, and L were determined as 1.36 m/s, 52.27rpm and 34.42cm respectively. Accordingly the optimum diameter of the rotor was calculated as 4.29cm with 8 blades on the shaft.


Abstract:

This paper aimed to verify   the relationship between e- banking services and customer satisfaction by applying SERVQUAl model. While the previous researchers had already examined the effect of quality services on customer satisfaction and, no previous study was done on e- banking. Therefore, this paper attempted to fill the gap in the literature by applying SERVQUAL model to study the quality of the e- banking services rendered by the banks in Tamil Nadu. The researcher has used the customer satisfaction as the dependent variable and the five dimensions of service quality; namely, tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and empathy, as the independent variables. This paper presents a study to investigate service quality indexes in e-Banking. This is an applied research study of descriptive-surveying kind .The purpose of this research is to understand the impact of service quality factors of e-Banking on customer satisfaction in Tamil Nadu.


Abstract:

Five metallophilic, alkali tolerant, motile, non spore forming, catalase positive and Gram negative bacteria were isolated from sediment soil samples collected from effluent canal of M.I.D.C. Parbhani district in Maharashtra and further identified based on their morphological, microscopic and physiological characters, enzyme profile and sugar-use pattern as Cupriavidus sp. MRC1, Ralstonia eutropha MRC2, Pseudomonas stutzeri MRC3, Aeromonas media MRC4 and Ralstonia metallidurans MRC5. Taxonomic assessment of the isolates revealed that most of the isolates were belonged to the class betaproteobacteria and gammaproteobacteria. MIC of these isolates was determined against Cu, Cd, Pb, Hg and Zn. Ralstonia metallidurans MRC5 showed highest resistance against Zn and 0.40 mg/mL MIC was recorded. The metallophiles reported by us can be used as a bioremediation tool for the treatment of effluents from industries handling heavy metals.


Abstract:

The gaseous anomalies has been recorded in the Agriculture filed in Sagar Distt. of M.P.. The discovery of the rare gas helium in hydrocarbon rich zone in the tube wells in  agricultural field of Pipariya - Bhutoli Garhakota Tahsil and  Meerkheri and Rahatgarh  town in Rahatgarh tahsil of Sagar District in M.P., is a unique finding in the history of  Earth Science in India. It is remarkable to note that values of helium contents varies from 0.34 % to 0.732 % along with the  72% to 99 %  of methane and ethane, and minor amount of oxygen, nitrogen and CO2 gases in the hydrocarbon rich zone are recorded during the geochemical  and stable isotope  analysis. It has been found in the stable isotope  δ C13  value the  values for the methane is -43.6 per mil w.r.t. to 54.9 per mil w.r.t. PDB and for the Ethane gas is --24.9 to -- 26.4 per mil w.r.t. PDB in the gas samples collected in the saturated sodium chloride solution in the glass bottles at Rahatgarh, Meerkheri, Piparia, Bhutoli villages in Sagar District. The occurrence of rare helium gas in the Hydrocarbon rich zone is reported first time in Jan, 2007 from the tubewells of Sagar Distt, which were geochemically and stable isotopically analyzed at KDMIPE Dehradun & NGRI Hydrabad.  The gaseous hydrocarbon analysis show the  presence of moderate to low concentration of methane ( C1) 1 to 104 ppb, Ethane( C2)-1 to 14 ppb, Propane( C3) 1 to 10 ppb, i- Butane ( i C4) 1 to 9 ppb and  nButane ( n C4) 1 to 8 ppb in the soil   samples collected from different  locations.
The Result of the adsorbed soil gas and stable isotopic analysis of Ethane gas in these samples δ C13  value are ranging from -24.9 per mill w.r.t. PDB and -26.9 per mill w.r.t. PDB are indicative that this gas is of thermogenic origin, which must have been formed at very high temperature & pressure condition in the deeper horizon of the Great Vindhyan sedimentary basin of early Proterozoic (>500m.y.) period.


Abstract:

The accurate estimation of crop water requirement which depends on duration of crop, growth stage, their growing season and location are essentially required for efficient irrigation water management and water resource management in agriculture. The study was therefore carried out to estimate crop evapotranspiration (ETc) for winter crops (mustard and chickpea) at eighteen stations of Gujarat, India using crop coefficient (Kc) and reference evapotranspiration (ETo). The reference evapotranspiration (ETo) was determined by Penman-Monteith method. The Kc values for winter chickpea and mustard as given in FAO-56 were corrected for climatic condition of stations. The results revealed that during winter season (November to February) the mean daily reference evapotranspiration (ETo) varies from 4.4 to 7.4 mm day-1. However, the large variation in ETo across the locations (2.9 to 10.3 mm day-1) was observed. The mean water requirement (ETc) of chickpea during its initial stage was found to be almost constant (2.0 mm day-1) and it increased continuously during developmental stage from 2.0 to 4.5 mm day-1, it further increased during the mid season and reached to its peak value of 5.9 mm day-1 at the end of this stage and during the late-season stage ETc decreased progressively from 5.6 to 2.5 mm day-1. The mean water requirement (ETc) of mustard during its initial stage was found to be almost constant (1.7mm day-1) and it increased continuously upto 4.5 mm day-1 during developmental stage, it further increased and reached to its peak value of 5.9 mm day-1 during the mid and ETc decreased progressively from 5.6 to 2.5 mm day-1 during the late-season stage. However total crop water requirement of mustard (515.0 mm) was more than that of chickpea (470.2 mm). The results are useful for planning the irrigation scheduling in winter season at different locations of Gujarat.


8.WATER CONSERVATION: STRATEGIES AND SOLUTIONS

Mamta Kumari and Jagdeep Singh

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Gujarat, INDIA

Abstract:

India has 16% of the world’s population and only 4% of the world’s water resources, which are depleting rapidly. The demand for water is expected to grow from 40 billion cubic metres (bcm) currently to around 220 bcm in 2025. Water is one of the most important inputs essential for crops. Both it’s shortage and excess affects the growth and development of the plants, yields and quality of produce. There are numerous methods to reduce such losses and to improve soil moisture. These are mulching, cropping, planting of trees, utilization of fog or dew by net-surfacing traps or polythene sheets, contour farming, transfer of water from surplus areas to deficit areas by inter-linking water systems through canals, desalination technologies such as distillation, electro-dialysis and reverse osmosis, use of efficient watering systems such as drip irrigation and sprinklers will reduce the water consumption by plants. The most important step in the direction of finding solutions to issues of water and environmental conservation is to change people's attitudes and habits; this includes each one of us.


Abstract:

The study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the environmental education programme in secondary schools in Mutasa District, Zimbabwe. The researchers employed the descriptive research design to gather data from informants on the factors that influenced implementation of the programme. Three research instruments were utilised in this research including an open-ended questionnaire administered to the secondary school teachers, a semi-structured interview with school administrators and observations made of school surroundings to determine the level of environmental consciousness of the school community. The research findings showed that school administrators accept the idea of Environmental Education and the actual teaching of components of Environmental Education in core subjects added impetus to the programme. The use of varied didactic approaches and teaching media also acted as a positive factor in promoting implementation of the programme. The research likewise revealed that the co- curricular activities to a large extent enhanced the programme implementation thrust. In the majority of cases, school surroundings were shaped into moderately stimulating environmental models.  Effectiveness in programme implementation was howeverlimited due to non- existence of functional environmental education departments and functional heads of departments for the subject. Inadequate planning and preparation of the programme activities further drew progress back. Another obstacle was absence of statutory instruments or circulars from the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education for guidelines on programme effectuation and inadequate environmentally oriented resources. The main recommendations were that the Zimbabwean Ministry of Primary and SecondaryEducation should provide clear guidelines and close supervision in the implementation of the programme. On the other hand, school administrators should procure adequate resource materials for educators and learners. School surroundings should be transformed and maintained in a highly environmentally stimulating state. It was also suggested that teachers should closely monitor pupils’ participation in co- curricular activities to ensure the acquisition ofthe desired values,attitudes, skills, and knowledge.


10.THE PRONUNCIATION OF ENGLISH MONOPHTHONGS BY IRAQI EFL LEARNERS

Ammar Al Abdely, Yap Ngee Thai & Che An Abdul Ghani

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Abstract:

The study examines L1 transfer and proficiency level effects on the production of English monophthongs by Iraqi EFL learners. It reports on the production test performed by four groups of Iraqi learners who speak Baghdadi Arabic as their native language and differ in their level of proficiency in English as measured by a placement test. Descriptive and statistical analyses of data collected from the production test revealed that Iraqi learners face considerable varying degrees of difficulty in the production of most English monophthongs. They all follow certain prominent erroneous trends regardless of their proficiency level. The proficiency level effect is found in the perception of the low proficient (elementary) group compared to the other three high proficient groups. This effect is also noticed in the comparison between lower intermediate and advanced groups' performance, yet this effect is no longer noticed when comparing between the upper intermediate and the advanced groups. Some of the results of this study are accounted for within SLM, yet the model fails to account for some others. The study concluded that the pronunciation abilities of EFL learners can be improved with more experience and exposure to the L2. Some confusing pairs of vowels indicated by the bi-directional production relations found in this study should be taken account of by teachers and learners of English as well. These relations indicate that learners’ errors are not random, but rather systematic.


11.DATA ANALYTICS FOR RETAIL LAYOUT DECISONS

Özlem Akçay Kasapoğlu

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İSTANBUL,TURKEY

Abstract:

There is hidden information locked up in the huge of data of the companies' databases. The unidentified information is potentially important for the companies’ success. The relations among the products of the retailers can be efficiently extracted from large retail databases  which effects the sales and profitability. The operations managers can alter both with overall arrangements of the store and the allocation of the space to various products with this hidden information gathered by the data mining analysis. In this paper association rules are applied to the data set and rule sets are gathered to achieve a better layout and shelf arrangement for the retailer. Layout has strategic importance to a firm. Placement of the power items which have a very high exposure rate, maximize profitability per square foot of the floor space.


Abstract:

Background - Constant revision of screening guidelines for retinopathy of prematurity(ROP) resulted in birth weight cut-off being lowered in some western centres. However, countries with limited neonatal care reports that more mature, bigger babies being detected with significant ROP. 
Objectives - To find whether lowered cut-off birth weight criterion in screening for ROP are safe to be applied in Sri Lanka and whether current cut-off limit needs revision.
Methods - A retrospective study was carried out on babies screened during a one year period in a tertiary care ophthalmology centre. Gestational age less than 32 weeks and / or birth weight less than 1500 grams were used as primary screening criteria. Some older and heavier babies were also screened due to exposure to risk factors.
Results - ROP was diagnosed in 89 (31.6%) out of 282 babies studied. Severe ROP was detected in 52 babies. Mean birth weight for those needing treatment was 1209 ± 282 grams. six infants(6.5%) older than 32 weeks and heavier than 1250 grams(a lowered cut-off used in some units) received treatment. Four of them(5%) were heavier than 1500 grams. Of the babies born heavier than 1250 grams, those born before 32 weeks of gestation had a higher chance of developing ROP.(p < 0.0006)
Conclusion - ROP still occurs in heavier and older babies in Sri Lanka. A reduction in birth weight cut-off limit is not advisable. Current guidelines need revision as some babies heavier than current cut-off had treatable ROP.


Abstract:

Betulin and betulinic acid are naturally occurring lupane type pentacyclic triterpenes is widely isolated from about 25 plants around the globe. On commercial scale betulin, is specifically collected from the bark of Betula pendula and Betula alba L. The aim of our current work was to isolate and characterize betulin tolerant strains which are potentially active for the bioconversion of betulin.  The experiments were aimed   for screening and isolating microorganisms from a natural source in addition from culture collection centre for utilizing betulin as substrate. Three hundred fifty isolates were screened for their tolerance to betulin in selective medium containing up to 0.003mg/ml of betulin. Isolates were tested based on their morphological, cultural characteristics, biochemical and molecular (16S rDNA gene sequence analysis) characterization. The growth (PCV=packed cell volume mg/ml) of betulin tolerant isolate was considered as bioconversion efficiency of selected isolate. Three indigenous betulin tolerant bacteria (KD109, KD 136 and KD 235) which were able to use betulin were isolated, and further characterized by biochemical methods. As a validation of betulin tolerance of isolate KD235, the fermented broth was extracted as a product and analyzed for the presence of betulinic acid by RP-HPLC which revealed similar results as available in previous literature. Present work represents a pioneer study showing prokaryotic system for betulin biotransformation to give betulinic acid as a significant compound for pharmacological applications having anti-cancer and anti-HIV activity.


Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted during 2010-11 to develop PHSTVs prediction equations adopting Inductive cum Targeted yield model (Ramamoorthy et al., 1967), on a Typic Rhodustalf of Tamil Nadu, with hybrid maize (NK 6240) under IPNS.  The experiment was laid out in a fractional factorial design comprising twenty four treatments and the test crop experiment with hybrid maize was conducted with four levels each of N (0, 100, 200 and 300 kg ha-1), P2O5 (0, 40, 80 and 120 kg ha-1) and K2O (0, 40, 80 and 120 kg ha-1) and three levels of FYM (0, 6.25 and 12.5 t ha-1). The IPNS treatments were superimposed across the strips. There were 21 fertiliser treatments along with three controls which were randomized in each strip in such a way that all the treatments occurred in both the directions. Using the plot wise pre-sowing soil test values, fertiliser doses and grain yield and/or the uptake of NPK by the crop as dependent variables and post-harvest soil test values as independent variable, PHSTVs prediction equations were developed. The predicted soil test values revealed that the soil fertility was found to decline markedly under unfertilized control and increased based on the fertiliser doses imposed. Significant R2 values (>0.65) were recorded for these regression equations which could be used with confidence for the prediction of post-harvest KMnO4-N, Olsen-P and NH4OAc-K. Using the predicted PHSTVs of hybrid maize, soil test based fertiliser recommendation for desired yield targets of any succeeding crop could be prescribed.


15.ORODISPERSIBLE TABLETS: AN OVERVIEW OF TECHNOLOGY

Vinita Chaurasia, Vikas Kumar, Brajesh K Tiwari, Aakancha Jain, Dharmendra Jain

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Madhya Pradesh, INDIA

Abstract:

Tablet as the most common drug delivery system presents an opportunity for incorporation of novel technology for designing more advanced dosage form. Orodispersible drug delivery systems are extensively used to improve bioavailability and patient compliance. The development of oral dispersible tablets (ODTs) has been done for pediatric, geriatric, bedridden and for those patients who may not have access to water. Basically swallowing problems also are happen in young individuals because of their under developed muscular and nervous systems. In some cases such as motion sickness, coughing, and unavailability of water, swallowing of conventional tablets may become difficult or improper. ODTs that dissolve or disintegrate rapidly in oral cavity result in solution, and presents an ultimate remedy for this problem. In addition they give pleasing mouth feeling. In formulation of ODTs, superdisintegrating agents are generally added to increase the drug release by achieving fast disintegration, and hence increases the bioavailability of drug. The aim of this article is to review the formulation of ODTs, analysing their advantages and limitations, challenges in formulation, use of new technologies, evaluation methodology, suitability of drug and excipients, patented technologies, marketed formulations and its future prospects.


16.DEPRESSION AND EXPRESSION OF HOSTILTIY IN SCHIZOPHRENIA

Varadharajan S, Suresh Kumar M, Kalyani Kenneth

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Tamil Nadu, INDIA

Abstract:

Background:Individuals with schizophrenia are considerably more likely to suffer from a number of co-morbid psychiatric disorders such as depression. Evidence reveals hostility and inapt management of feelings of hostility has been acknowledged as primary parts of symptomatology of schizophrenia. The present study is concerned with exploring knowledge about the relationship between depression and expression of hostility in schizophrenia. Objectives: To study the impact of depression and its relationship with expression of hostility, and to explore the intrapunitive and extrapunitive dimensions of hostility expressed by individuals with schizophrenia. Methodology: Thirty individuals with schizophrenia (ICD-10) were included using purposive sampling technique. The tools Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and Extrapunitive- Intrapunitive Attitude scale were used to measure depression and expression of hostility respectively. Results: The mean age of the participants were 27.67 ± 5.785 SD and majority of the participants were female (53.33 %). The mean score for depression is 32.57 ± 8.140 indicating that all the subjects have severe level.  Divided the sample into less (n=10) and high severe (n=20) based on standard mean and comparison shows high severe depressive group has significant level of criticism of others (U=53.33; p=0.09), and overall extrapunitive expression of hostility (U=49.40; p=0.024) when comparing with less severe group.  Correlation analysis not revealed any significant relationship between hostility and depression. There is some demographic variables which seems to be related to the hostility. Conclusion: Individuals with schizophrenia coupled with high level of depression demonstrate extrapunitive expression of hostility and there is some impact of demographic variables on hostility.


Abstract:

Introduction: In the present work, sensitive RP-HPLC method been developed for the quantitative estimation of Thiocolchicoside (THC) and Dexketoprofen (DKP) combined dosage form. 
Material & methods: Determination of THC and DKP was carried on a reverse phase C18 (250×4.6mm, 5µ) column using a mobile phase consisting of Methanol: Sodium Phosphate Buffer (70:30 v/v) pH 4.5, Flow rate of 1.0 ml/min and the detection was carried out at 280 nm.  
Result: The linearity was found to be in the range of 5-40 μg/ml and 30-240 μg/ml with (r2=0.9991, and r2=0.9992) for THC and DKP respectively. The sharp peaks obtained were having clear baseline separation with a retention time of 3.20 min and 8.40 min for THC and DKP respectively. 
Discussion: The forced degradation studies performed in acidic, basic, oxidative, photolytic and thermal conditions at different time intervals. The method was validated as per the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines as well as for the ROBUSTNESS studies the Quality by Design approach used based on 3-Level Factorial Design of Experiment. On the basis of Designs the three chromatographic parameters (Flow Rate, pH and Mobile phase composition) were changed and study were carried out with effects on Retention time and Peak Area.  
Conclusion: The proposed validated method was successfully used for the quantitative analysis of commercially available dosage form.


18.SNAKE AND LADDER NUTRITIONAL GAME FOR ENHANCED HEALTH STATUS OF OBESE CHILDREN

G.G.Kavitha Shree, M.R.Premalatha and J.Pushpa

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Tamil Nadu, INDIA

Abstract:

Overweight and Obesity are among the most prevalent nutritional problems in developed and developing countries. Obesity is essentially a disorder of energy balance characterized by an excess of body fat. It is chronic and often associated with a wide range of metabolic abnormalities and degenerative diseases, some of which could be life- threatening. About 1.2 billion people in the world are overweight and at least 300 million of them are obese.


Abstract:

Introduction-The aim of present  study is to observe the histological changes due o effect of electromagnetic radiations(EMR) on the seminiferous tubules of testis of Albino rats & find out the changes due to combined effect of cucurma longa and radiation on the seminiferous tubules of testis of albino rats in the department of anatomy ,Dr. S.N. Medical college jodhpur (Raj.) .This Study highlights some adverse effects of EMR and benefits of curcuma longa for primary prevention and treatment of cell damage due to regular use of cell phone.
Material and method- This study was conducted on thirty two male albino rats, were divided into four groups A,B,C,D. Group A was taken as control .Group B was exposed to radiations from cell phone (2G mobile 900-1900 Mhz).Group C was given curcuma longa orally & group D was exposed to both radiations and orally curcuma longa. 
Result-After 2 months of exposure animals were sacrificed by cervical dislocation and their testis were used for observing  histological changes. The regular cell phone radiation exposure on testis produced thinner irregular shape boundaries in seminiferous tubules.
Conclusion-. Regular exposure of cell phone leads to structural variation in seminiferous tubules which could be decreased by using curcuma longa.


20.AUTONOMIC COMPUTING SYSTEM WITH MESO TO SUPPORT ONLINE DECISION MAKING

Pravin Wararkar, H K Dahule, Ankit Dixit  & Chhayadevi Bhamre

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Maharashtra, INDIA

Abstract:

When we work hard, our hearts beat becomes faster. When we are hot, we sweat. The internal functions within our body regulate themselves. Correspondingly, won’t we like to have systems that can heal themselves? The Autonomic computing systems must be able to detect and respond to changing conditions with little or no human intervention. The goal of autonomic computing is to create systems that can run themselves, capable of high-level functioning while keeping the system's complexity invisible to the user. So decision making is a critical issue in such systems, which must learn how and when to invoke corrective actions based on past experience. Successful autonomic systems will need to be self-configuring, self-optimizing, self-protecting, and self-healing. So we describes the design, implementation and Evaluation of MESO, a pattern classifier designed to support online, incremental learning and decision making in autonomic system. A novel feature of MESO is its use of small agglomerative clusters, called Like spheres, that aggregate similar training samples. Like spheres are partitioned into sets during the construction of a memory efficient hierarchical data structure. This structure facilitates data compression, which is important to many autonomic systems. MESO achieves high accuracy while enabling rapid incremental training and classification.


Abstract:

<span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: "Times New Roman", serif;">In this article data mining is applied in education field. Data from the students who take data mining class test scores, the level of the test and the distribution of the scores are examined. The association rules helped to determine the students answering the particular types of questions together.<o:p></o:p>

<span lang="TR" style="font-size:12.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-ansi-language:TR;mso-fareast-language:TR; mso-bidi-language:AR-SA;mso-no-proof:yes">
<span style="font-family: "Times New Roman", serif; font-size: 12pt; line-height: 115%;">With massive amounts of data continuously being collected and stored, many industries are becoming interested in mining such patterns from their databases. The discovery of interesting correlation relationships among huge amounts of business transaction records can help in many business decision-making processes, such as catalog design, cross- marketing, and customer shopping behavior analysis. Association rules are an important class of regularities in data. Mining of association rules is a fundamental data mining task. Its objective is to find all co-occurence relationships among data items. Association rules analysis is applicable in different application domains such as market basket analysis, education, bioinformatics, finance, health and web mining.


22.SIMULATION OF SENSOR NETWORKS USING TOSSIM

Pravin Wararkar, H K Dahule, Shyam Patidar, Dhananjay Joshi,  Sreyashrao Surapreddi & Gyandeep Bhumarkar

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Maharashtra, INDIA

Abstract:

Recent advancement in wireless communications and electronics has enabled the development of low-cost sensor networks. The sensor networks can be used for various application areas (e.g., health, military, home). For different application areas, there are different technical issues that researchers are currently resolving. 
Development of the right simulation tools has been a key step in systems research progress for several areas. In general, simulation can provide a way to study system design alternatives in a controlled environment, explore system configurations that are difficult to physically construct, and observe interactions that are difficult to capture in a live system.