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October,2016 Issue

Abstract:

There is a close relationship in between clothes and humans since from the ancient age. Actually, clothing reflects the culture and progress of a society and the personality of individuals and that is why we see the diversity in the design of clothing among individuals. As the design of clothes is important to consumers in terms of their taste and cultural orientation, fashion has appeared as the driving force. 
Trends in fashion reflect the acceptance of new design, usually related to clothing. New designs are rarely new. Most often they are re-introduced of something from past. When a new clothing designer introduces new fashion, it may be accepted or rejected by the buying public. Trend occurs when a new design is accepted and sells in sufficient quantity in some test markets, and then creates a demand from consumers across a broader market. A trend usually refers to a certain style in fashion or entertainment. A trend simply reflects what seems to be going around at any given time. 
Fashion stated differently by different people in different countries. Fashion is a connecting part of the global communication sector. It carries one country to though ever country has their own style and cultural rhythm, they welcome fashion and culture of the other countries as  well. Fashion marketing investigates the relationship between fashion design and marketing including the development, promotion, advertising and retailing aspects of the fashion industries. Successful fashion marketers understand that recognizing consumer trends, strong branding, and a desirable product image are all essential elements to building an effective and meaningful campaign. 
It is obvious that some cultural exchange will happen as we are the neighboring country of India.


Abstract:

The aim of the study was to evaluate the current prescribing pattern of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors in a multi disciplinary hospital complex-BIRDEM, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The study was a retrospective descriptive analysis of consecutive patients prescribed with DPP-4 inhibitors and attending the diabetic clinic. Patient data was collected in relation to drugs prescribed and diabetic complications to evaluate the prescribing pattern of DPP-4 inhibitors as a new kind of antidiabetic drug. During the study, prescription of 150 patients of diabetes was reviewed. It was identified that prescriptions with (DPP-4) inhibitors was 51.3% whereas prescriptions with other hypoglycemic drugs was 48.6%. Sitagliptin (60%) was the most prescribed drug. The  most  commonly  prescribed  combinations  were  Metformin  and  DPP4  inhibitor  (44%) as 2nd  line agent, Metformin + Sulphonylureas + DPP4 inhibitor (24%) as 3rd line agents. Our evaluation revealed the most commonly prescribed DPP-4 inhibitor to be Sitagliptin. Through our review it was found that though DPP-4 inhibitors are recently approved drugs and launched in Bangladesh, physicians are more prone to prescribe this molecule rather than other traditional hypoglycemic drugs.


Abstract:

Especially after the August 17, 1999 Great Marmara Earthquake, urban transformation / renewal; has occupied the place in the country's agenda frequently. It has been one of the most important issues on which is being worked to minimize the effects/the hazards that the new possible earthquake causes. To define this issue, sometimes only earthquake is considered. Now and then the planning, the architectural ideas, engineering parameters, environmental impacts are gathering together in broader perspective to describe urban renewal.
The aim of this article is to describe interactive relations of 'density' and 'population' parameters for the reports of the master plan for urban areas. To reach the ideal model of urban transformation/renewal, two different software programs have been utilized.
At this stage in Province of Istanbul, Bagcilar district, Kemalpasa quarter which has been approved as ‘risky area’ with 6306 law that has been affirmed with number 2013/4689 by the Council of Ministers is taken as a model of comparison which has been idealized. This risky area consists of 11 city blocks, 219 parcels, 4,6 hectare with current population of 1400 people.
To determine the limit of the ideal model values, the example of Western countries, standards and norms have been researched. In this study; density within the regional plans of the area, motion within the population are explained by making the classification as part of town planning. Also some other examples in Turkey, especially in residential areas which has a grand amount of density have been gathered together to discuss the matter of ideal model of urban transformation/renewal.


4.A STUDY OF BIRTH ORDER, PERSONALITY & MENTAL HEALTH

Rupali Chandola*, S. C. Tiwari 

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Uttrakhand, INDIA

Abstract:

Context: Ordinal position the child holds within the sibling ranking of a family is related to intellectual functioning, personality, behavior, and development of psychopathology. This study aimed to investigate birth order effect on personality & mental health. Material and Methods: Study conducted on (n=40) participants of either sex (group I, n=20) was  normal and another (group II, n=20) psychiatric .They were held from Pt. Deendayal upadhyay joint hospital, district Moradabad, U.P, India.GHQ-12 negative participants from the community formed the normal group age ranging between young adulthood (20-30) years. Sentence Completion Test (SCT) administered on all the participants included in the study. Results: Analysis of the data indicated ‘oldest’ & ‘only’ born psychiatric group very low ‘social’, ‘ambitious’ and ‘confident’ in their personality traits and ‘oldest’ male had high psychiatric morbidity then female. Difference is statistically significant at (p<0.001).


Abstract:

Phytoplankton fluctuation analyzed at two sampling regions namely Buffalo Island (Hospital area) (A) and Koddamunai New Bridge area (B) according to seasonal variation in the year 2014. Sampling region B is a shallow area. The following Physiochemical parameters have to be taken for estimation; Water temperature, Conductivity, Salinity, pH, Nitrate and Phosphate were taken into the account. Samples were collected in dry (June) and rainy (November) seasons. During dry season (June) comparatively species diversity was higher than the rainy (November) season and the physiochemical parameters also highly reduced during rainy season. Moreover no algal bloom was recorded during the study period.


Abstract:

Objective:-To determine the prevalence of Transfusion Transmitted Infections (TTI) amongst multi-transfused thalassemic patients of Western Rajasthan region.
Study:- Hospital based cross-sectional study
Study Group:- A total of 100 Thalassemic patients receiving (≥10) blood transfusions as part of their management were enrolled in this study.
Result: -Male to female ratio in the study group was 2.0:1. The mean age of the study group was 8.48±4.78 years.Half of the cases were nutritionally wasted whereas more than half of the cases were stunted according to their age as per WHO standards. 40% cases were HCV positive of which 26 (65%) cases were males whereas 14 (35%) were females with a male to female ratio of 1.8:1. There was a linear relationship between HCV positivity and age and number of transfusions. Serum ferritin, SGOT, SGPT and total billirubin were significantly higher in HCV positive cases. Three cases were co-infected with HCV and HIV.
Conclusion: -A high prevalence of TTI was there among the study group, of which HCV was the most common. Efforts must be made to cut down the risk by proper screening of every unit of blood to be transfused for common infective agents. NAT testing should be made mandatory in every center having transfusion services in a phased manner.


Abstract:

This study aims to investigate how the hegemonic masculinity is presented in Turkish Series. For sample, one the popular gangster series “Eskiya Dunyaya Hukumdar Olmaz” has been chosen. For methodology, content analysis has been chosen. Before the analyzing the series some important concepts like, gender, masculinity and hegemonic masculinity have been mentioned in the study.


8.INCLUSIVE EDUCATION AND INITIATION AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL IN INDIA

Avijit Pandit, Sk. Saha Alam, Sambhunath Maji & Birbal Saha

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West Bengal, INDIA

Abstract:

Education is the right of every child because it equips him to meet the challenges of life. The children with disabilities or the differently abled children in our society need this all the more, to supplement their differential talents so that they can prepare themselves for a happy productive and useful life. Efforts to educate children with disabilities began in the era of pre independence but it took a reality predominantly soon after independence in India. In this paper an attempt has been made to examine the policies and legislations for educating the children with disabilities in India.


Abstract:

In this article we discuss important issues that need to be considered in developing participatory approaches to management of alien plant invasion risks. The discussion uses a case of what is required in  West Usambara Mountains (WUM) in Tanzania, where the highest  number of agroforestry and forestry exotic  a tree species  and other plants  for food, fodder and ornamental uses  have been introduced  and are extensively planted in agricultural landscapes. We emphasize the importance of all stakeholders to be aware  a wide dimension of issues affecting success in management of alien plant invasions particularly the following; awareness of environmental and socioeconomic impacts of  alien plants invasion, how to distinguish and prioritize   invasive plants, stages of invasion and precautionary measures to be taken at early stages, the importance for management to tackle the causes rather than the effects of invasion, identification of  relevant  stakeholders and  other issues of high priority in developing participatory management plans and  in addition the article  emphasizes the importance and  the attributes of  properly grounded  activities of research, monitoring alien plants spread,  impacts and  evaluation of the  effectiveness of management  measures applied. 


Abstract:

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been increasing since last few years in developing countries like India which has rapidly increased from 1% in 1960 to 9.7% in 1995. CHD is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in developed countries as well as developing countries. Whatever the etiology and patho-physiology of coronary artery disease is, Coronary artery remains the seat of disease process. The increasing use of diagnostic and therapeutic interventional procedures necessitates that a sound basic knowledge of coronary artery pattern with dominance is essential. So with the increase disease burden, an in-depth knowledge about the coronary artery is a must to understand the complete patho-physiology and for good management of the disease. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the area of the heart and myocardium supplied by Right and Left coronary arteries respectively and to assess coronary predominance in the postmortem study. METHOD: A total of 70 hearts were collected from the cadavers in the department of Anatomy and unclaimed dead bodies in the department of Forensic Medicine, S.P. Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan. The hearts were preserved in 10% Formalin and dissected at a convenient time later. The coronary arteries and their branches were carefully dissected out and followed till their termination. The modes of termination of the right coronary artery and the circumflex artery were described with the help of five points: at the right border, between the right border and the crux, at the crux, between the crux and the left border and at the left border. Origin of the posterior inter-ventricular artery was taken as the basis of coronary dominance. RESULTS: Right dominance was found in 76.67%, left dominance was found in 13.33% while balanced pattern was observed in 10% hearts. CONCLUSION: In present study, 76.67% of specimens showed right dominance, 13.33% left dominance and rest 10% showed balanced dominance. Knowledge of dominant pattern is significant for determining the prognosis of coronary artery disease.


Abstract:

Earth is the cheapest and as well as commonly available material with enormous potential within it. 
The studies have been conducted for working out the energy usage of earth-sheltered building as compare to conventional above-ground building for thermal comfort with the help of energy simulation tools.
Simulations will be focused on the influence of soil cover and the thermal insulation of building covering thickness and will be done for hot and dry climatic region. These models have been translated into computer software for excellence and efficiency in building design. 
During summer due to the because of more thermal inertia of soil adjoining earth sheltered building heat losses to the ground are more which helps to cool down the air temperature naturally in a building. 
The paper attempts to generate the comparative study of the earth sheltered buildings and conventional above ground buildings with the help of energy simulation softwares and select an appropriate one for simulating the various building design options for an ongoing research, “Design of Earth Sheltered Buildings”. 


Abstract:

The objective of this manuscript is to prove how Ottoman architecture applied a classicist interpretation by using classical proportions and syntax. Government palaces, which are the best representations of Ottoman ‘Empire’ architecture in the provinces, were chosen as the objects of study. The method applied in this study was research on the shapes of column orders of the government palaces in Anatolia, which today’s architecture has inherited. Then, numerical analyses of the rules and proportions of the columns determined by theoreticians of classical architecture were performed, with proper measurements and calculations made. From the study of the samples, it was concluded that “Ottomanized” versions of column orders, towards the end of the 19th-century, have some similarities with Western classical column orders and proportions.


Abstract:

Phytoplankton fluctuation analyzed at two sampling regions namely Kalladi Bridge area (A) and Thannamunai area (B) according to seasonal variation in the year 2015. The main study focused on season rather that physio-chemical analysis. Samples were collected in dry (June) and rainy (November) seasons. The sampling region B is comparatively has low salinity due to the construction of two bridges (Koddaimunai Bridge & New Bridge) because the water flow is highly restricted. The sampling region A is brackish water. During study period sea water mixing doesn’t take place in dry season. During dry season species diversity was high rather than rainy season and during dry season high density of Diatoms were estimated at the sampling region B and high density of Cyanobacteria were estimated at the sampling region A. During rainy season high density of Cyanobacteria and Chlorophycean members were estimated both in the sampling regions A and B.


14.COLORATION OF SILK WITH INDEGENOUS HERBS (ECLIPTA ALBA L.)

Dr. Minti Gogoi, Dr. Bulbul Baruah

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Assam, INDIA

Abstract:

The use of natural color on textiles are increasing day by day. In order to add beauty and functional properties on silk textiles, its coloration with natural dye is a challenging task and it is very limited due to non-availability of standard procedure of its application and characterization of colored compounds present in different plants. The color compound extracted  from the indigenous herb Eclipta alba was  analyzed  to  isolated  its  color creating chromophores. The chemical  structures  of isolated compounds  were established on the basis of  spectroscopic analysis mainly NMR,IR, UV, Mass spectra and element analysis. It was found that wedelolactone is the main color bearing compounds responsible for green color from the plant. Luteolin and apegenin were two other compounds present in the plant which act differently in creating different hue with different mordants. The dyeing properties of colored compounds have been evaluated on silk fabric with natural mordant myrobalam and eco-friendly mordant alum and  different hue of light green  to bluish  green  were obtained with a very good color  fastness property.