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December,2016 Issue

1.TUBERCULAR LYMPH NODE –AN UPDATE

Qadir Fatima, Nisha Yadav, L.A.Gauri, Ajay.B.R, Dharmendra

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RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Abstract:

Tuberculosis, one of the oldest diseases known to affect humans, is caused by bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex.The disease remains a major global public health problem. It is estimated that about one-third of the world’s population is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There were an estimated 8 million new cases of TB, resulting in 1.9 million deaths, with the greatest burden of disease in developing nations.


Abstract:

This Research paper describes what additive manufacturing is and whether is it any better than conventional manufacturing. This paper represents what additive manufacturing is and it will differentiate between both manufacturing processes. This paper also reviews when each of the manufacturing processes are best suited.


3.COLLISION TUMOUR: BILATERAL MUCINOUS ADENOCARCINOMA COEXISTING WITH DERMOID CYST IN AN OVARY: AN EXTREAMLY RARE CASE

Qadir Fatima Gauri, Suman Verma, Narendra Kumar Bairwa, Ajay.B.R, Dharmendra, L.A.Gauri

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RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Abstract:

Collision tumour is defined as coexistence of two different tumours in the similar organ without any histological intermixing. However, collision tumors have been reported in various organs like esophagus, stomach, thyroid glandbut collision tumors arising from ovaries are extremely rare entities.


4.PERFORMANCE OF DIFFERENT MARIGOLD VARIETIES UNDER AGRO CLIMATIC CONDITION OF PESHAWAR (TAGETES ERECTA)

Maaz ur Rahman,Imran Ahmad,Noor ul Amin, Mehboob Alam,Gohar Ayub, Abdul Mateen Khattak,,Muhammad Amjad Khan, Muhammad Ali Khan,Rahmatullah, Asadullah, Syed Mubarak Shah1 , Naveed Ahmad, Ibrar Hussain,Muhammad Naeem, Sohail Ahmad, Naveedullah,Syed Abdul Qadir  Gilani and Imran Habib khan

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Peshawar, PAKISTAN

Abstract:

An experiment "Performance of different Marigold varieties" was carried out at Ornamental Nursery Department of Horticulture, the University of Agriculture Peshawar during 2013. Seedlings of Marigold cultivars “Inca 1 gold, White vanilla African, Bunanza French, Inca 2 double orange" were selected and transplanted in pots on 4th September 2013 having 6 plants in one treatment and they were replicated three times. The experiment was laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) and data were collected on days to flowering, number of branches plant 1, number of flowers plant 1, flower weight (gm), flower volume (cm3),  plant height (cm), root weight (gm), and number of leaves plant 1. Different varieties had showed significant results, however  minimum days to flowering (22), maximum plant height (39.6), maximum number of leaves (108), maximum number of flowers (21.5), maximum flower weight (10.22), maximum flower volume (27.80), maximum root weight (7.33), and maximum number of branches were recorded in variety (Inca-1 gold) and variety (Inca-2 double orange).
Statistical analysis showed different varieties of Marigold had significantly affected the plant height (cm), number  of leaves plant 1, flower weight (gm), flower volume (cm3), root weight (gm), number of branches plant 1. On the basis of conclusion it is stated that variety (Inca 1 gold) and variety (Inca-2 double orange) showed best performance, so it is recommended for the flower growers of Peshawar area. 


5.PREVALENCE OF OSTEOARTHRITIS IN URBAN BIKANER POPULATION IN WESTERN RAJASTHAN: A WHO ILAR COPCORD STUDY

LA Gauri, Dharmendra Tyagi, Asim khan, Nadeem, Qadir Fatima, CS Thanvi, Ajay B.R.

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RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Abstract:

Background:-COPCORD (Community oriented program from control of rheumatic diseases) is a global initiative of the WHO/International League of Associations from Rheumatology (ILAR). The prevalence data from Urban Area, Bikaner District, and North-Western Rajasthan Carried out in 2008-09, is presented.
Aim:- to study the urban prevalence of osteoarthritis in population of western Rajasthan Bikaner.
Methods:-A cross-sectional survey of the urban population of Bikaner (non-randomized selection) was completed in five weeks, using validated questionnaires, served by trained volunteers. 356 patients (7.12%) were identified (Phase 1) from 5000 adults, and systematically evaluated (Phase 2 and 3) by a medical team, including a rheumatologist; limited investigations were carried out and diagnosis confirmed during a planned 12 week initial follow-up. Standard clinical criteria were used for the diagnosis; point prevalence estimates (prev) are shown in parenthesis. 
Result:-There was a dominant distribution of 'pain at all sites' (articular/soft tissues) in the females (5.06%) as compared to male(2.06%).  Among 356 patients of rheumatic musculoskeletal disease ,  the osteoarthritis was diagnosed in 183 patients which comprises the 51.4% (females 41.1%; males 20.3%) and remaining 48.6%  joint pain was due to other rheumatic musculoskeletal disorder . The prevalence of osteoarthritis in general population was 3.66% (as compared to Bhigwan 5.8% and as compared to 95% CI 1.5-2.7)
Conclusion:-The Bikaner COPCORD survey demonstrates a significant urban spectrum of rheumatic musculoskeletal disorder (RMSD). It provides a reasonable speculation about the Indian rheumatological burden with osteoarthritis which scoring first rank.


6.FILM EXTRUSION PROCESS COMPARISON BETWEEN BLOWN FILM AND CAST FILM DIES

Tanzila Yonus, Abbas Shabbir Ezzy, Mohammad Aamir

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Karachi, PAKISTAN

Abstract:

The overall purpose of the study and research in this paper is to explain the film extrusion process (production of Polypropylene film by extrusion) in detail, and compare the two dies namely blown film dies and cast film dies used for the purpose of extrusion.
Based on the circumstances and the expectations of the required product both dies have their significance and importance. Different companies have different applications according to which the film experts suggest the best stretching process to be used. 
Film gauge (the draft) or the thickness to be specific, resistiveness to puncture, tear propagation are some of the specs that are to be considered in selecting the extrusion die. Stretch film manufactured using blown film process is 20-30% whereas 70-80% by cast film process by general consensus.
The widespread use of cast film and the properties of its product film discussed and compared in the paper conclude that they are appropriate for many applications. The resistance to fracture, clarity of the film and clinginess are some of the properties most appreciated in manufacturing.


7.CROHN’S DISEASE: AN UPDATE

Qadir Fatima Gauri, Suman Verma, Narendra Kumar Bairwa, Ajay.B.R, Dharmendra, L.A.Gauri

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RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Abstract:

Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic relapsinginflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is characterizedby a transmural granulomatous inflammationwhich can affect any part of the gastrointestinaltract, most commonly the ileum, colon or both.


8.DIFFERENT CAN TYPES & THEIR MANUFACTURING PROCESESS

Tanzila Younas, Moiz Akram, Faizan Ur Rahman

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Karachi, PAKISTAN

Abstract:

Cans are containers that are widely used in daily life. More or less, every household drink or, in general, fluids are first stored in cans and are then made available for people to buy or use. An estimate of 6700 cans is used per second round the world. Hence to cope up with such high demands, cans are needed to be manufactured in very large amounts using cheapest, finest and efficient manner. As can’s material, can be recycled, so a chunk of its recycling process will also be discussed. This report is based on a real industrial observation of manufacturing process and will discuss the process of how cans are being manufactured in masses, passing through variety of steps, till they finally reach their consumers.  Cans are either made up of Aluminum or Tin, depending on their use. Different can manufacturing processes will be discussed in this report.  


9.OBSTRUCTIVE JAUNDICE; ROLE OF PATHOLOGIST: A REVIEW ARTICLE

Qadir Fatima, Sonam Dubey, L.A.Gauri, Ajay.B.R, Dharmendra

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RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Abstract:

Obstructive jaundice refers to symptomatology due to obstruction anywhere in the intra or extra hepatic biliary tract. Numerous etiologies are there and fortunately most are treatable surgically. In order to take advantage of treatability of most of etiologies or to alter the course and outcome of these, diagnostic approach must be very competent. That can be achieved by means of coordinated multidisciplinary efforts including clinician, radiologist and pathologist.


10.PREVALENCE OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS IN URBAN BIKANER POPULATION IN WESTERN RAJASTHAN: A WHO-ILAR COPCORD STUDY

LA Gauri,  Ajay.B.R,  Asim khan, Nadeem, QadirFatima, CS Thanvi, Dharmendra tyagi

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RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Abstract:

Background: COPCORD (Community oriented program from control of rheumatic diseases) is a global initiative of the WHO/International League of Associations from Rheumatology (ILAR). The prevalence data from Urban Area, Bikaner District, North-Western Rajasthan Carried out in 2008-09, is presented. 
Aim: To study the urban prevalence of Rheumatoid arthritis in urban population of Bikaner 
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of the urban population of Bikaner (non-randomised selection) was completed in five weeks, using validated questionnaires, served by trained volunteers. 356 patients (7.12%) were identified (Phase 1) from 5000 adults, and systematically evaluated (Phase 2 and 3) by a medical team, including a rheumatologist; limited investigations were carried out and diagnosis confirmed during a planned 12 week initial follow-up. Standard clinical criteria were used for the diagnosis; point prevalence estimates (prev) are shown in parenthesis. 
Results: There was a dominant distribution of 'pain at all sites' (articular/soft tissues) in the females (5.06%); as compared to males (2.06%).Clinical RA was diagnosed in 127 among 356 patients of rheumatic-musculoskeletal symptoms/diseases  (35.6%) patients (103 males and 24 females) according to ACR criteria. The prevalence of RA  among general population was 2.54% (95% CI 2.8-6.8).
Conclusion: The Bikaner COPCORD survey demonstrates a significant urban spectrum of RMSD. It provides a reasonable speculation about the prevalence of Rheumatoid arthritis in India.


11.DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY IN DENTISTRY

Suwarna Dangore –Khasbage

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MAHARASHTRA, INDIA

Abstract:

The term "digital " in digital imaging refers to the numeric format and its discreteness. Digital radiography is the latest advancement in dental imaging and is slowly being adopted by the dental profession. Digital imaging incorporates computer technology in the capture, display, enhancement, and storage of direct radiographic images. Digital imaging offers some distinct advantages over film, but like any emerging technology, it presents new and different challenges for the practitioner to overcome.  This article presents an overview of digital imaging with more emphasis on dental applications which is a need of today. It also enumerates the advantages and disadvantages of digital radiography. 


12.IMPACT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF NITROGEN ON THE YIELD OF SPINACH

Shujaat Ali, Bakht Zeb, Taskeen Hassan Khan

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Peshawar, PAKISTAN

Abstract:

 The experiment was carried out during the 2012-13 at Horticulture Research and Teaching Field, University of Haripur to assess the effects of different levels (0.17,22,26 and 31 kg N ha-1) of N applications on growth and yield of spinach. Experiment was laid out in a single factor Randomized Complete Block Design and replicated three times. Data on different parameters; yield, plant height, leaf area, number of leaves per plant of spinach was recorded. Using Nitrogen at the rate of 31 kg N ha-1was significant indicates on all spinach growth parameters. While the minimum production of spinach was obtained in control treatment, the remaining three treatments of different levels such as 17, 22 26 kg N ha-1were non-significant response in growth steps in the production of spinach. Therefore 31 kg Nha-1 was significantly maximizing the yield of spinach and hence recommended dose for the good production of spinach.