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March,2020 Issue

Abstract:

Worldwide, the demand for environmental friendly energy is ever-increasing due to the rapid growth of the economy and living standards. Construction industry is the foremost consumer of material and energy resources has a great prospect for developing innovative energy-saving and thermally efficient construction materials. Phasechange materials (PCMs) as thermal energy storage systems are potential due to their tailored thermal mass and heat comfort. The selatent heat storage materials possess extremely high energy storage density than the convention alones. This work provides a comprehensive overview on the features of PCMs, their recent development,and futuretr ends with applications directed towards building architectures as different facade applications (Trombewall, wallboards, shutters...) in different climates. 


2.HOT WATER TREATMENT: A TECHNICAL PRESERVATION TECHNIQUE FOR STORAGE OF HORTICULTURAL COMMODITIES

Fazal Ullah*, Habib Ullah, Ghulam Nabi, Gohar Ayub, Anam Ashraf

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PAKISTAN

Abstract:

All fruits and vegetables generally known as horticultural commodities have short post-harvest life. Various methods has been adopt to store horticultural commodities for longer duration with less physiological disorder and high market value using preservative chemicals. A significant advantage of hot water treatment is the absence of chemical residues on the fruit surface. Hot water treatment effects on the physiology of fruit after harvest. It delays maturation, slow rate of flesh softening and pectin solubalization, and reduce ethylene production. Hot water treatments significantly retard the decrease in fruit volume, firmness, ascorbic acid, acidity and juice content of horticultural commodities. The hot water dipping for various times also decrease total soluble solids, TSS-Acid ratio, pH, weight loss and disease incidence of horticultural commodities.


Abstract:

Epilepsy (a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain), psychiatric breakdown, sleep disorders, rage, high ambition, sexual and aggressive desires and dysfunctional utopia in the psyche for taking blood from enemies illustrate a surprising amount of modern psychological details in Shakespeare’s renowned characters. Sigmund Freud stated in his works on psychoanalysis “The poets and Philosophers before me discovered the unconscious’’ which the world famous literary critic Harold Bloom of Yale University thinks refers to Shakespeare. Indeed, Bloom also contends that what we think of as the Freudian map of the mind is in fact Shakespeare’s and he “invented’’ the human. By this he means that while all the various character traits that are in Shakespeare existed before, few before Shakespeare written down in such details, inspiring generations to be more reflective when considering their own behaviours. Whether one agrees with Bloom or not, Shakespeare’s influence on understanding of unconscious of the mind seems undeniable. This paper is going to delve into the evil force or unconscious state of mind of the major renowned characters of Shakespeare specially Hamlet, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Othello and unpleasant and creepy Shylock by applying Freud’s theory of unconscious  who went through Shakespeare as a child and was influenced by the psychology of his characters.


Abstract:

This article offers a nuanced understanding of Computational Thinking (CT) as a soft skill for non-computer scientists by addressing the conceptual differences in the learning experience of its cognitive aspects. In contemporary education, the cognitive contribution of CT is expected to be more than computer literacy. Over a decade, CT has been addressed as a ‘21st Century Skill’ outside the Computer Sciences and promoted in the early stages of compulsory education. However, challenges remain in the existing culture of teaching CT in architectural education to better meets the 21st Century learners’ needs. For that, we present a curated collection of existing knowledge from art, design, and computer sciences. The article does not aim inventing a set of new practices of teaching CT but shedding light to the culture to use new pedagogies determined as effective teaching/learning in architectural education. It is expected to be one of the preliminary studies that contribute to design education literature.


Abstract:

In the recent years, Corporate Governance has become as an important control system and its significance has led to necessity for this system to be applied in several countries around the world. The present study emphasized on the origin of this control system that appeared on 2002 in The USA as a form of Sarbanes–Oxley Act. The previous studies in the literature review show that the beginning of corporate governance started for centuries ago. The present research deals with and highlight of some valuable information regarding the origin of corporate governance with its existence and spread in the Middle-East countries via what have been done by the scholars in these countries. Therefore, this research gives a rich imagination and explanation to the academic about the history and root of corporate governance with brief description about its existence in some of the Asian countries.   


6.KNOWLEDGE REGARDING KANGAROO MOTHER CARE AMONG POSTNATAL MOTHERS AT SELECTED HOSPITALS

Ms. Harpreet Kaur, Amandeep Kaur, Amanjot Kaur, Amritpal Kaur, Bishan Kaur, Charanjit Kaur, Gurdeep Kaur, Gurmeet Kaur, Gurpreet Kaur, Hardeep Kaur, Harpreet Kaur,  Kirna Devi, Kiranjeet Kaur, Karmveer Kaur, Kuldeep Kaur, Lakhwinder Kaur, Lovepreet Kaur, Manjot Kaur

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PUNJAB

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care has often been used as a treatment for premature or preterm babies. As the 21st century is in the threshold of challenging preventive healthy interventions, the evidence based practice of newborn care must be efficiently adopted for applying in the operational milieu of rural care facilities and the awareness on kangaroo mother care should be taught, among the expected mothers in all country wide, perinatal – neonatal care units.2
OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess the knowledge regarding kangaroo mother care among postnatal mothers at selected hospitals of Punjab.
2. To find out the association of knowledge with selecting demographic variables.
METHODOLOGY: A Non- experimental descriptive design was used to assess the knowledge regarding kangaroo mother care postnatal mothers in Civil Hospital Bathinda, CHC Lambi, Civil Hospital Malout. A total of 60 postnatal mothers were taken from these hospitals by using by using convenience sampling. Structured questionnaire were used to assess the knowledge regarding among postnatal mothers.
RESULTS: It was found that 18.3% had poor knowledge and 73.3% had average knowledge and 8.3% had good knowledge regarding kangaroo mother care. The relationship of knowledge with socio-demographic profile was tested and found.
CONCLUSION:  It was found that 8.3% had good knowledge, 73. 3% had average knowledge and 18.3% had good knowledge regarding Kangaroo mother care.


Abstract:

Cell phones have become one of the essential devices used for communication in daily life, and they are commonly used almost everywhere. This study has done to enumerate the microbial load of smart phones used by allied health care students and staff. Mobile swabs from students and staff was collected and inoculated with different types of bacterial and fungal media. In this study, bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Coagulase – negative Staphylococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, Moraxella catarrhalis, Enterococcus, Klebsiellasp,Proteus sp andaerobic spore forming bacilli were found. Fungisuch as Aspergillusniger,Candida albicansand A. flavuswere found. It is necessary to create awareness among health care students and staff and also to restrict the usage of mobile phones in sterile areas and laboratories. Advisable to use the nanotechnology that has the anti- bacterial coat for mobile phones.


Abstract:

Tents as a Nomadic life style has always been one of the most important way of life in turkish tribe culture. In order to offer immediacy, tents have been the first choice in different civilations keeping warm during summers, warm during winters as well as easily being assembled and transferred. As a result of the practicality it offered tents have been customised in various ways depending on the culture they were used in as well as providing a historical source reflecting customs and culture. The materials used as textiles and frames of the construction and isolation mirrorred the circumstances of the era. The textile materials forming the space by themselves created a strong bond with the architecture itself.
This study aims to observe the relationship between the Tuskish tent culture with the choice and usage of textile materials providing a timeline of the nomadic culture transforming into a modern society as well as prodividing an orientation on how the nomadic tent culture influenced modern day architecture and textile art interaction.