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Welcome To IJARR

International Journal of Advanced Research and Review (IJARR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific ONLINE Journal dedicated for rapid publication (monthly) of high quality original research articles, case reports as well as review articles in all subjects. IJARR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content.

We intend to build mutually beneficial and long-lasting relationships with our authors and provide them full support throughout the publishing and the post-publishing processes.


Latest Issue, September 2021

Click On the Title to Read Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the presence of phytochemical constituents and their potential pharmacological activity of Amaranthus tricolor L. Methanol extract of the dry pulverized stem of Amaranthus tricolor obtained by cold extraction method. The stem extract was subjected to a preliminary phytochemical screening by standard methods. Phytochemical analysis revealed alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, phenols, tannins in the stem extract. The methanol extract showed intense thrombolytic activity with 66.3% clot lysis compared to 100μl Streptokinase (Standard), which showed 76% clot lysis. Methanol steam extract 250mg/kg showed 32.7% inhibition of feces and 55% inhibition of diarrhea, and 500mg/kg extract showed 27.9% inhibition of manure and 40% inhibition of diarrhea which Compare to standard [Loperamide] showed 44 % inhibition of feces and 59.97 % inhibition of diarrhea. Methanol steam extract 250 mg/kg reduces 40% pain and at 500 mg/kg reduces 42.5%, which, Compare to the Standard (Diclofenac Na), worked as 77.5% pain induction. All results obtained from the research suggest that the plant's stem has moderately positive Antidiarrheal activity test, Analgesic, and thrombolytic properties. Therefore, considering potential biodiversity, plant ingredients can be widely researched to find their unelected effectiveness and to make use of them as traditional medicines.


The study was conducted at Adola Rede District, Guji Zone, in Southern Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to identify the best adaptable and high yielding Avocado (Persea americana) fruit tree varieties for Midland Agroecology of Guji Zone. Seedlings of grafted Avocado fruit tree varieties were laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. A plot size of 10m x 6m was used for each Avocado fruit tree varieties. A plot consisted of two rows of grafted Avocado seedlings. On each row three grafted Avocado seedlings were planted and each plots had six grafted Avocado trees. Based on the objective of this study, vegetative growth parameters, yield and yield components data were collected during the study time. The results of this study revealed that, in terms of Vegetative growth parameters significant differences (at P<0.05) was observed among avocado varieties. In terms of survival rate, the highest survival rate was recorded from Bacon and the least one was Ettinger. The recorded stem thickness data showed that Fuerte variety was significantly higher (at P<0.05) than the others. The tree height data recorded revealed that the maximum and minimum tree heights were observed in Fuerte and Nabal varieties respectively. Moreover, there was a significance (P<0.05) difference in canopy spread among the avocado varieties was observed. Pinkerton had larger canopy spread (4.627m) and least canopy spread was recorded on variety Nabal (1.287m). Avocado fruit length, fruit width, and fruit weight was significantly (P<0.05) different among the varieties. The highest fruit length was recorded from Pinkerton (7.212cm) and the lowest value was found in Bacon (5.833cm). In terms fruit width, the highest was obtained from Bacon (8.333cm) and the least one was recorded from Hass variety (6.033cm). The largest Fruit weight was obtained from Fuerte (0.285kg) and lowest fruit weight was recorded from Hass (0.111kg) avocado. The finding of this study revealed that the average number of fruits per tree of the six improved avocado varieties was varied statistically.  Hass avocado produced a significant maximum number of fruits per tree (382) and Pinkerton variety produced the minimum number of fruits per tree (131). In terms of yield per plot, the maximum fruit yield per plot was obtained from Fuerte (140 kg) and the lower number of yield per plot (110.367kg) was recorded from Ettinger. The recorded total fruit yield per hectare of Fuerte variety was significantly higher than the other varieties. The maximum fruit yield per hectare was obtained from Fuerte (14,372 kg/ha) and the minimum was obtained from Pinkerton (12,262kg/ha). Therefore, Fuerte, Bacon and Hass Avocado fruit tree varieties were recommended for Avocado Producers at Midland Agroecology of Guji Zone and for similar agroecologies.


The recent urbanization trends and changes in land use and land cover have had profound effects on the natural environment. This research seeks to examine the trends and patterns of LULC changes over a period of 32 years and their implications on the environment. The study made use of primary and secondary sources of data. The stratified random sampling technique was used in the selection of sample sites and the administration of 250 questionnaires. Landsat image files for the three-time interval were downloaded from the Global Land Cover Facility website and the various bands were modulated and corrected to reveal land use features using ENVI version 4.3.Change detection and analysis were identified through image differencing in the same geographical area for the three intervals.The findings revealed that agricultural land use decreased from 83.8km2 to 60.4km2, forest cover dropped from 339.24km2 to 330.27km2, whereas settlement land use increased from 4.90km2 to 37.36km2 between 1987 and 2019.The study further revealed that changes in LULC situations in the Buea Municipality have resulted in a host of environmental problems, namely, pollution, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, water scarcity and floods. The study recommends anup-to-date master plan for Buea and its effective implementation. It also suggests that urbanisation and population growth should be matched with local planning objectives and the involvement of the local population of Buea in developmental issues.